Burundi’s President Pierre Nkurunziza has died of a heart attack, according to the government.
In a statement posted on Twitter on Tuesday, the government announced “with great sorrow to Burundians and the international community” the passing of Nkurunziza, 55.
The outgoing president died at Karusi hospital after suffering a heart attack on June 8, the statement added.
The first constitution to specify the powers and duties of the president was the constitution of 1974 adopted in 1976.
The constitution, written by Micombero, affirmed Micombero’s position as the first president of Burundi.
The current president is Pierre Nkurunziza, who has held office since being elected first president of the post-transition republic on 26 August 2005.
The president’s stated role is to represent Burundi’s national unity and ensure that the laws and functions of the state are created and executed with full compliance in the constitution.
The president is granted a variety of powers throughout the constitution. Title V establishes the executive powers granted to the president and Title VI establishes legislative powers granted to the president.
The president has the power to appoint military commanders, ambassadors, magistrates, provincial governors and members of various national councils. The president also appoints all judges, including those of the Supreme Court and Constitutional Court.
The president can organize government and can call for parliamentary sessions under extraordinary circumstances. In addition to promulgating legislation, the president has the power to propose and amend laws and can veto laws that parliament is unable to agree upon. The president can also amend the constitution.
The president represents Burundi in international affairs by signing and ratifying its treaties.
The president is the sole office to manage war, but needs approval from parliament and the National Council of Security to start wars. The president is the sole post that can authorize military action. The president is also the sole post to grant civil and military awards.
A presidential term is seven years, and a president can serve two terms. The president is assisted by two presidentially appointed vice-presidents; however, the 2018 Burundian constitutional referendum passed to eventually reduce the number of vice-presidents to one.
The president is obligated to a pension after the end of their service.